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Other name(s): Ko-Shamo; O-Shamo;
Scientific name: Gallus gallus domesticus
Country / Place of origin: Japan
History: The Shamo Chicken is an oriental gamefowl which was developed in Japan, but which may have originated in Thailand. The Shamo Chicken was probably of Malay and Asil gamefowl stock. According to the American Livestock Breeds Conservancy, "Across Japan the Shamo can be found in some variety of colors and sizes according to region – different regions favoring fowls of different sizes for boxing. The O-Shamo is a large birdwith males weighing 12.4 lbs and females 7.5 lbs. The Chu-Shamo is a medium bird with males weighing 8 lbs and females weighing 6 lbs. The Kimpa Shamo is a smaller bird with males weighing 4 lbs and females 3 lbs. Kimpa-Shamo males are also hen-feathered, that is the plumage of their hackles, saddles, and tails have wide, blunt feathers like a hen, lacking the classic well furnished tails typical on roosters."> "In 1941, to protect the breed from possible extinction, the Japanese government placed the breed under protection of law. The first Shamos known in America returned home with G.I.s after World War II; some probably being transported as eggs in a pocket. In America’s south, the breed was admired and became popular for crossbreeding to produce superior fighting stock. Even today the majority of Shamos in America can be found in southern states."
Appearance: The Shamo is a large, tall, and upright standing bird with a nearly vertical body. They are very muscular animals, with closely held feathers that do not completely cover their bodies. Shamos have pea combs and pearl colored eyes.Shamos color varies, but black red (black breasted red) is the most common. Other colors include Black, Dark, Wheaten, and more. Weight varies by country requirements. Largefowl Weight: Cock 11 lb, Hens 7 lb.
Average weight: N/A
Lifespan: 0 - 12 years
Diet: The Shamo can eat regular commercialized feed, though you may want to consider rice as their main diet grain. While developing, birds should be on a low protein diet, so that they do not grow to fast for their bodies. Fresh fruits, veggies, bugs, and grit should be provided if birds do not range. Fresh and clean water should be available at all times.
Housing: Housing can be simple, but does require planning ahead. You will need a coop that provides your birds with a safe place to escape the weather, night and day-time predators, and is well-drained, clean, ventilated, and comfortable. Roosts should be provided for sleeping, and nesting boxes for egg laying. Shamo fowl do not handle extremely cold weather well, and may need heat and light.Shamo chickens can be raised together as chicks. However, as they age roosters will need separated. Hens can be kept together, if they have enough space. If you intend to cage birds it is best to break the birds into pairs. Introducing birds into the flock is best done with natural methods, or raising chicks together. Introducing adults can be deadly.
Health issues: Shamo chickens can suffer from various health problems, depending on the strain. Chicks are best raised with artificial methods, as hens are clumsy with eggs and chicks. Chicks should be on low protein diets so they don't outgrow their bodies. Perches should not be provided for young chicks, as it can bend their breast bones, or hurt their legs.With adults proper feed and housing will be necessary for good fertility. Birds may also need heat in the winter.
Behavior / Temperament / Activity level: Shamo chickens have difficulties socializing with chickens (read information under housing for more details). In personality, they are intelligent, and human friendly.