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Geline de Touraine Chicken

Geline de Touraine Chicken

Other name(s):
 Géline de Touraine;
Black Touraine, Touraine Old hen, Géline

Scientific name: Gallus gallus domesticus

Country / Place of origin: France

History: The Géline de Touraine is an old breed that was used for centuries as a backyard fowl in the French province of Touraine. During the nineteenth century new breeds of chickens where brought to France. These breeds, particularly the Asian races where crossed to the Géline in order to improve weight and egg laying ability.

In 1909, dedicated breed Jean-Baptiste Martin set out to preserve and spread the breeds popularity. A club was created, and the Géline became very popular before World War I. The war destroyed most of the breed, but Mr. Martin fought to bring the breed back to it’s former glory. He was successful, and approximately 50,000 Gélines where reported to be on the market before World War II.

World War II caused the death of many European breeds, and by the end of the war very few Gélines where alive, and they where scattered throughout the land. Thankfully, due to poultry hobbyists the breed was saved.


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