Other name(s): Kraaikoppen; Grouse Breda;
Scientific name: Gallus gallus domesticus
Country / Place of origin: Netherlands
History: The Breda Chicken (Kraaikoppen) is an old breed from the Netherlands. It is depicted in 17th century Dutch Master paintings. The Kraaikoppen was named after the typical shape of the head, the head of which somewhat resembles a crow (Kraaikop). The bantam form was first exhibited in 1935 in the Netherlands. The Kraaikoppen has many names, and is commonly referred to as the Breda in the USA.
Current Uses: Dual-Purpose (Meat and Eggs)
Appearance: The Kraaikoppen is larger and unique fowl, that is sure to attract attention. They have heavily feathered legs and feet and vulture hawks. They lack combs, have large cavernous nostrils, and small crests. Kraaikoppen are recognized in four colors: blue; cuckoo; white; black; and black fur. Black is the most common.
Average weight: N/A
Lifespan: 0 - 12 years
Diet: The Kraaikoppen can be fed a standard commercial feed diet. Their diet should be supplemented with fresh fruits, veggies, and bugs. Oyster shells can be added if your hens aren’t getting enough calcium. Grit, should also be added if your birds do not have access to small pebbles which help them digest their food. Fresh water must be available at all times.
Housing: Housing chickens takes some preparation and planning. If you take into consideration ease of cleaning, ease of access, and chicken comfort then you will be housing some happy chickens that require simple day to day care. If at all possible the best environment would be a safe coop to sleep in at night and allowing your chicken free range during the day. When allowed free range, the coop only needs to have 5 square feet of floor space per chicken. It should provide protection from the rain, wind, sun, and predators but still have good air flow. The coop should be furnished with perches and nest boxes. Flooring can be wooden, concrete, or dirt. Wood floors are easy to build, predator proof, and easy to clean by hosing but will rot quickly. Concrete floors are easy to clean by hosing but more expensive and time consuming to build. Dirt floors need to have underground mesh wire to prevent predators from digging in and will need regular replacements of fresh clean dirt. The dirt is easy to clean with regular raking. They will appreciate straw for bedding; make sure to change it regularly. Straw should never get wet as it will grow molds and fungi that can make your birds sick. Their yard area can be well planted with bushes and trees for shade and lettuce, kale, and herbs for eating.
Health issues: In a normal flock proper care, housing, deworming, and feed should keep your bird healthy.
Behavior / Temperament / Activity level: Kraaikoppens are known to be even tempered, and easy to care for.