Breed group: Unrecognized and Rare Breed dogs
Other name(s): Russian Toy Terrier; Moscow Toy Terrier; Russkiy Toy;
Moscovian Miniature Terrier; Russian Longhaired Toy Terrier; Moscow Longhair Toy Terrier
Country / place of origin: Russia
History: Not much is known of the history of the modern Russian Toy. One theory is that the breed resulted from a combination of breeds such as Chihuahua, Yorkshire Terrier, and Russian native toy breed stock. The original Russian Toy Terriers were extremely popular among the royalty during the period of Czars. The Russian toy terrier was especially popular among women because of its small size, excellent temperament, and general health. Popularity of these dogs among the aristocracy is corroborated by the Russian art work of the period which often had “lady with dog” as a common motif. The communist revolution of 1918 led to the first decline in the numbers of the early Russian Toy Terriers. Viewed as useless animals of spoiled capitalists, many of these toy dogs were killed along with their aristocrat owners. The next major decline occurred due to World War II. In the mid-fifties, the breed was revived owing to the efforts of few Russian breeders. A dog breeder from Russia Yevgueniya Fominichna Zharova played an important role in creation of this breed variant. The Russian Toy Terrier come in two types: longhaired and smooth-haired. Presently, the breed is rare outside Russia and erstwhile Soviet states, as the demand far outstrips the supply. Their small numbers in each litter are also part of the reason. The Russian Kynological Federation recognized the breed in 1981. However, they are not recognized outside Russia.
Details: Russian Toy Terriers are tiny, compact, and well muscled dogs. Head is larger compared to body. Muzzle is clearly defined and slightly shorter than skull. The nose is slightly turned up. Eyes are round, set straight, and medium in size. They are dark in color are carry a lively expression. Ears of the Russian Toys are one of the distinguishing characters. They are large, prick and are set high directly above the head.
Legs are straight and relatively longer. Upper and lower sections of legs are of same length. Russian Toys are hare footed. Tail is held at or above the top line, covered with hair and docked.
Average height and weight (mature size and weight): 8-10 inches, 3-6 pounds
Color / coat variations:
Smooth haired Russian Toys have a short, close-lying coat with shiny hairs without any undercoat or bald patches. Longhaired Russian Toy Terriers have a long straight or slightly wavy, close-lying coat. Hair on the head and on the front part of limbs is short and close -lying. The feet have long, silky hair, which completely hides the nails. Ears are covered with thick, long hairs forming a fringe.
Lifespan: 10-12 years
Litter size: N/A
Grooming and shedding: Russian Toys are average shedders. The smooth, shorthaired variety can be gently brushed occasionally or simply wiped over with a damp cloth. The long coat needs to be brushed daily with a soft bristle brush to remove dead hair and stimulate coat growth. Bathing can be done once a month, taking care not to get water in the ears. Toenails can be trimmed once in a week. The ears should be checked and cleaned regularly. Regular brushing using special toothpaste and toothbrush available at pet store prevents tartar buildup.
Climate and environment: Russian Toys do equally well in hot and cold climates. They like to live indoors with the family rather than outside in the yard or kennel. This makes them suitable to be kept in an apartment or a house without a yard.
Behavioral aspects: Russian Toy Terriers are strongly attached to the owner and enjoy being a part of every family activity. Long hours of separation may lead to behavioral changes in them. House breaking is essential as these dogs may urinate in the house. Socialization may be required to prevent shyness or nervousness.
With children: Russian Toy Terriers are loving and patient with children. They are quick to join children in their activities and games. Supervision is necessary when the children are playing with them, as these tiny dogs could be hurt if mishandled by children.
With other dogs and animals: Russian Toy Terriers are good with other dogs and pets that have grown up with them. Care needs to be taken while introducing a new dog into the family.
Training and learning rate: Russian Toy Terriers are intelligent with a good attention span. Basic obedience and household rules training are necessary. Harsh disciplinary measures may be avoided, as this could lead to negative behavior in the dog. Positive reinforcement with food or toys, play, or even verbal praise works best with this dog.
Agility: Russian Toys are intelligent and trainable. They do well in agility competitions.
Affinity to water:
How noisy are they:
Exercise: Russian Toys usually fulfill their exercise requirements themselves by moving around the house. A walk once or twice a day keeps the dog physically fit, providing them with an opportunity to socialize with different people and situations. Puppies can be taken for shorter walks.
Health issues: Not much is documented about the health issues seen in this breed.
|I am incredibly happy with my dog||5.0|
|My dog is exactly the right dog for me||5.0|
|I love my dog||5.0|
|I am very attached to my dog||5.0|
|Quick to learn and train||3.5|
|Doesn't bark a lot||3.5|
|Easy to groom||4.5|
|Safe with small pets||3.5|
|Great guard dog||2.0|
|Great watch dog||2.5|