Scientific name: Gallus gallus domesticus
Country / Place of origin: Northern Mariana Islands
History: The Saipan Jungle Fowl is an oriental gamefowl, though it is not a true jungle fowl. The Saipan chicken originated on the island of Saipan in the Northern Mariana Islands. It is tall and upright, and resembles the Malay, the Shamo and the Asil oriental gamefowl.
Current Uses: Ornamental
Appearance: The Saipan jungle fowl is a very tall bird, with roosters standing two-three feet tall. Birds have tight feathering, short tails, and a very muscular and upright posture. The Saipan has either a pea, or flat comb. They have an absence of wattles, with a dewlap instead. There are many color variations, with Black Breasted Red males, and Wheaten females being the most common.Average Weight: Cocks 9-13 lb, Hens 8-9 lbs. (Some strains are very large with roosters around 18 lbs)
Average weight: N/A
Lifespan: 8 - 12 years
Diet: Saipan Jungle fowl have very specific diet requirements. Feeding them whole grains, and soy products should be avoided, or bound crops can become a problem. Many breeders feed their fowl on a rice and fish diet. If you do not feed fish, fat and crab meal should be supplemented. Fresh fruits, veggies, bugs, and grit should also be provided if your birds do not free-range.Protein is important to help your birds grow. However, beware of giving birds to much protein as it can cause young chicks to grow too quickly, and go down on their hunches. Protein levels will need adjusted according to their age and body development.
Housing: Housing can be simple, but does require planning ahead. You will need a coop that provides your birds with a safe place to escape the weather, night and day-time predators, and is well-drained, clean, ventilated, and comfortable. Roosts should be provided for sleeping, and nesting boxes for egg laying. Saipan Jungle fowl do not handle extremely cold weather well, and may need heat and light.
Health issues: Birds mature very slowly, sometimes taking at least three years to put on all their weight. With each strain, different health problems may develop. Proper diets are very important for good growth, and fertility.When raising chicks, keep in mind that they grow slowly. To much protein in their diet, can cause them to go down on their hunches. Keep birds in the brooder for at least eight weeks (or until they are fully feathered). You may also want to brood naturally hatched chicks, as mothers are not usually very good at rearing their young. Keeping perches out of the young chicks brooders will help prevent leg and breast bone damage. Saipan Jungle fowl are not winter hardy, and shouldn't be expected to live in cold temperatures without providing heat.
Behavior / Temperament / Activity level: Saipan jungle fowl have been used for cockfighting for many years. Roosters and hens are aggressive with other poultry, but if given proper space can be raised together. (Introducing of adults if often a risky and dangerous task with both genders.) Roosters can be human aggressive, but hens are rather docile and friendly.Hens will brood, but can break eggs. Hens often have difficulties raising their chicks, as the chicks grow to slowly for outdoor chick rearing.