California, United States
Marshall, United States
Other name(s): California White Sex Link Chicken
Scientific name: Gallus gallus domesticus
Country / Place of origin: Not known
History: The California White Chicken is a sex-linked cross breed white egg laying chicken. It is a cross breed created from a White Leghorn Hen and a Gray California rooster. This breed has not been given recognition by the American Poultry Association.
Current Uses: Eggs
Appearance: The mature California White Chicken is a lean and sleek chicken. Their plumage is white with black flecking
Average weight: 5.5 - 7 lbs.
Lifespan: 5 - 10 years
Diet: California Whites are production fowl that require extra protein and calcium. A commercial egg laying pellet with approximately 16% protein will keep them satisfied. Besides feed, your California White’s diet should be supplemented with veggies, fruits, and bugs. Oyster shell can be added to their diet if you fear your California Whites are not getting enough calcium. Grit should also be offered if your birds have no access to small pebbles, which will help them digest their feed. Fresh water must be available at all times.
Housing: Housing a chicken takes some preparation and planning. If you take into consideration ease of cleaning, ease of access, and chicken comfort then you will be housing some happy chickens that require simple day to day care. If at all possible the best environment would be a safe coop to sleep in at night and allowing your chicken free range during the day. When allowed free range, the coop only needs to have 5 square feet of floor space per chicken. It should provide protection from the rain, wind, sun, and predators but still have good air flow. The coop should be furnished with perches and nest boxes. Flooring can be wooden, concrete, or dirt. Wood floors are easy to build, predator proof, and easy to clean by hosing but will rot quickly. Concrete floors are easy to clean by hosing but more expensive and time consuming to build. Dirt floors need to have underground mesh wire to prevent predators from digging in and will need regular replacements of fresh clean dirt. The dirt is easy to clean with regular raking. They will appreciate straw for bedding; make sure to change it regularly. Straw should never get wet as it will grow molds and fungi that can make your birds sick. Their yard area can be well planted with bushes and trees for shade and lettuce, kale, and herbs for eating.
Health issues: The California white is a production fowl that can suffer from egg binding. To help avoid egg binding make sure your hen is getting enough calcium. The California white can also develop frostbitten combs in the winter. Like many production fowl, the California White can have a shortened lifespan. If raising a large flock of California Whites, you may want to consider vaccinations.
Behavior / Temperament / Activity level: The California White is an active and noisy. They will tolerate confinement, and can be nice pets if given the attention.