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Breed group: Non-Sporting Group dogs
Other name(s): Frenchie; Bouledogue Français
Country / place of origin: England and France
History: There is a minor amount of discrepancy regarding the origination and development of the French Bulldog (often lovingly referred to as the “Frenchie”). Many claim that the French developed the breed; however, French Bulldogs are a miniature version of the English Bulldog and it is more widely believed and accepted that these miniature English Bulldogs were imported to France from England in the 1860’s. Once in France, it is believed that French breeders bred these imported miniature English Bulldogs with French Terriers to produce a dog very closely resembling what we now know as the French Bulldog. From there, the French Bulldog was later re-introduced into Great Britain by French lace makers who were brought in to meet fashion demands. The little Frenchie quickly became very popular and made its way to the U.S. and it is U.S. breeders who are credited with creating the distinctive “bat” ears, thus finishing the great little dog we all recognize as the French Bulldog today.
Details: The Frenchie is a heavy-boned and muscular little dog; she is of small to medium, but compact, build. She is rather pear-shaped; the width of her shoulders should be wider than the hips. She has a head that is square and flat with a rounded forehead; her muzzle is short; upper lips are wrinkled and overhang the lower jaw; and, she has an underbite. She has a pug nose (being one of the brachycephalic breeds); her dark eyes are round and prominent; and her distinctive “bat” shaped ears sit on the corners of her skull. Her coat is smooth and her skin is loose at the throat area. Her tail naturally bobbed and is either straight or somewhat screwed.
Average height and weight (mature size and weight): 10-12 inches, 18-28 pounds
Color / coat variations: The Frenchie’s short and soft coat comes in a wide variety of acceptable colorations, including pied, white, fawn, and brindle, or combinations of brindle with white or fawn with white.
Lifespan: 10-14 years
Litter size: 2-5 puppies
Grooming and shedding: The Frenchie requires little in the way of grooming; a regular brushing of the coat and regular attention to teeth and nails is all it takes to keep them looking beautiful.Please do pay extra attention to their wrinkled areas. Keep the areas inside their wrinkles clean and lubricated to avoid the development of sores which can become easily infected and quite painful to the dog. Your Veterinarian can best advise you what product to use to lubricate your Frenchie’s wrinkled areas. The Frenchie is an average, consistent, year-round shedder.
Food habits: Frenchies tend to being overweight; choose a very high-quality (non-grocery store) food and feed according to the weight standards recommended for that food. Avoid feeding table scraps.
Climate and environment: Frenchies prefer a cooler climate and, because they are brachycephalic (snub-nosed), great care must be given in hot weather, especially to make sure they do not overexert themselves as they are easily susceptible to heatstroke.The Frenchie is well-suited to apartment living; while they do enjoy and need regular walking, they are active indoors. They also enjoy the romping opportunities offered by having a backyard.
Behavioral aspects: The Frenchie was intentionally bred to be a companion animal; they are playful, amusing and have a natural curiosity about them. They are very lovable and sweet-natured dogs and are known to have a great sense of humor. They are very devoted to their person, love to please and amuse their person(s), and require a lot of attention and companionship; depriving them of the companionship and attention they so love will create a very unhappy Frenchie. Many people consider the Frenchie to be quite child-like in their behaviors and temperament and they’ve even been known to separate themselves from their owner or family in order to go sulk when they’ve been reprimanded or believe they’ve done something wrong.Early socialization is an important part of any Frenchie’s early training; this will go far toward preventing them from becoming too much of a one-person dog, which occasionally happens in this breed. The Frenchie is very intrigued by scents and you’ll find him snuffling all over the house and the yard, investigating what has gone on while he was not there. For this reason, always ensure your Frenchie is well harnessed and leashed when taking him out in public so that he doesn’t have an opportunity to follow all those intriguing scents until he becomes lost. Don’t be at all surprised when he snuffles you after you’ve been out, too. He’s going to want to know where you’ve been and what you did! Frenchies make excellent little watch dogs and will keep you alerted to what is going on outside the home. For those of you who are more fastidious than others, it may be important to know that, while there are those that do not, many Frenchies do slobber and drool.
With children: Opinion is again somewhat divided on the issue of how well French Bulldogs do with and around children. There are those who claim they are so great with children that the kids can even dress them up and others who claim that Frenchies do best only with older children who have learned considerate dog handling and know not to tease.
With other dogs and animals: As with any dog, the Frenchie is going to be adaptable and compatible with other pets and animals if she has been socialized to other pets and animals from a young age. The more socialization with other pets and animals, the more she is going to be companionable with them.It is not unusual for some male Frenchies to be dog-aggressive. And, again, early and consistent socialization will play a heavy roll in these types of behaviors, as will responsibly neutering your male.
Training and learning rate: The Frenchie is rated high in learning rate; low in obedience; and, low in problem-solving skills.French Bulldogs can be a little hard-headed when it comes to training; however, a patient, consistent owner/trainer who uses calm but firm tones and a reward-system of training will find that the Frenchie will respond to training and will want to please such a gentle, caring owner/trainer. Using harsh training methods will almost guarantee you a Frenchie that not only will not obey, but one you will have made fearful of people, including yourself. Remember, they are very emotionally sensitive dogs.
Agility: Not known for agility.
Affinity to water: Because of the heavy, muscular build and the large head, the Frenchie is known NOT to be a swimmer, even though there are the few exceptions. Take necessary precautionary measures around swimming pools and ornamental ponds in your backyard and make sure she cannot fall into any deep water when you are out with her.
How noisy are they: French Bulldogs are not known to be barkers and do not have a high-pitched, “yappy” bark so often associated with small breed dogs.
Exercise: The exercise requirements of the French Bulldog are minimal. A good walk, a nice romp in the backyard, or even an extended play session inside the house will keep them exercised. The most important part of any exercise regime for a French Bulldog is to make sure, when walking or playing outdoors in warm or hot weather, he does not overheat and have a heatstroke.
Health issues: The most common health issues of the French Bulldog, in no particular order, are:
|I am incredibly happy with my dog||4.2|
|My dog is exactly the right dog for me||3.6|
|I love my dog||4.4|
|I am very attached to my dog||4.1|
|Quick to learn and train||3.1|
|Doesn't bark a lot||3.3|
|Easy to groom||3.6|
|Safe with small pets||3.5|
|Great guard dog||2.0|
|Great watch dog||2.9|
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