Santa Barbara, California
Wyoming, Rhode Island
Belgrade, Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro)
Breed group: Non-Sporting Group dogs
Country / place of origin: China
History: The Chow Chow is an ancient breed, probably dating back more than 3,000 years. One theory is that Chows may be the result of cross-breeding between the Tibetan Mastiff and the Samoyed. Chow Chows were popular with Mongol tribes and Chinese emperors for their hunting abilities and endurance. They were also used to guard temples. Interestingly, Chows were also bred for their pelts, and were a source of food until a Chinese law passed in 1915 prohibited dog meat. Chow Chows were first imported into England around 1880, with Queen Victoria expressing interest in the "Wild dog of China" breed, as they were called at the London zoo. The American Kennel Club recognized the breed in 1906.
Details: Chow Chows are small stocky dogs with a lion-like mane or ruff. The skull is broad and flat. The muzzle is short and broad. The ears are small and rounded. The almond-shaped dark brown eyes are deep set and placed wide apart and obliquely. A unique feature of these dogs is that they have blue-black tongues though at birth the color is pink. The broad nose is black with well-opened nostrils. The body is strong and muscular. The tail is fluffy and carried closely to the back.
Average height and weight (mature size and weight): 17-20 inches, 40-70 pounds
Color / coat variations: Chow Chows are either rough coated or smooth coated. The outer coat is coarse and long. The inner coat is dense. The smooth coated Chow Chow has a short, dense, outer coat and a dense inner coat. The usual colors are red, cinnamon, black, blue, and cream.
Lifespan: 8-10 years
Litter size: 3-6 puppies
Grooming and shedding: Regular grooming is necessary to keep the coat in good condition. Brushing with a pin and rake brush is done two or more times a week. The ruff of the Chow Chow must be handled with care.
Food habits: A good quality dog food or a fresh nutritious diet is necessary for these dogs.
Climate and environment: They cannot stand excessive heat and humidity. They must be allowed to freely move around in a fenced yard or inside the house. They do not like being chained.
Behavioral aspects: Chow Chows are quite different from other breeds, displaying a set of behaviors similar to a cat. They are as reserved and intelligent as cats. They may not always enjoy cuddling by children or strangers. They may bark at unfamiliar people and situations. Some Chow Chows may be extremely aggressive or timid though these behaviors are less desirable. They are not destructive or disobedient. Most problems arise due to lack of proper training and socialization.
With children: They are good with children from the owner's family. It may be necessary to supervise Chow Chows with unfamiliar children.
With other dogs and animals: They do not get along with other dogs especially larger dogs. Socialization creates a sense of familiarity and reduces any aggressive tendencies. They may get along with other pets that have grown up with them.
Training and learning rate: Chow Chows are generally well behaved giving the impression that they do not need training. However, as they grow up, they may become more difficult to control. Early training and socialization is necessary. Training needs to be consistent, firm, and patient. They are average learners.
Agility: They do well in agility.
Affinity to water: They like to swim.
How noisy are they: They are not very noisy though they like to bark.
Exercise: They require regular exercise in the form of short jogs and walks.
Health issues: Chow Chows are prone to entropion, a turning-in of the eyelashes. Skin problems and allergic reactions are common. Hip dysplasia, a condition marked by abnormal hips, occurs in a significant number of dogs.
|I am incredibly happy with my dog||4.0|
|My dog is exactly the right dog for me||3.5|
|I love my dog||4.6|
|I am very attached to my dog||4.3|
|Quick to learn and train||3.3|
|Doesn't bark a lot||2.7|
|Easy to groom||2.0|
|Safe with small pets||2.8|
|Great guard dog||4.0|
|Great watch dog||4.2|
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